The world is moving rapidly from physicality to intellectuality. A day is sure to come when this intellectuality will be transformed into spirituality. Just as the intellectual age is fast approaching, the spiritual age will also come in the very near future.
There are three types of beings. The first are physical beings, like dogs. If you call a dog an abusive name it remains indifferent. The second are psychic beings, such as human beings. If you insult a man he will get angry, and he may even start weeping or commit suicide. The third are spiritual beings. A time will come when there will also be many spiritual beings on this earth.
For spiritual advancement spiritual practices are a must, and in spiritual practices the role of the cakras [plexi] is immense. In fact, the most important aspect of spiritual practice is cakra shodhana and cakra niyantrańa [the purification and control, respectively, of the cakras].
What is a cakra? It is a collection of glands and sub-glands, and the location of these glands and sub-glands differs from animal to animal. In humans the cakras are situated at the intersecting points of the id́á, suśumná and piuṋgalá [psycho-spiritual channels]. In the human mind various thoughts are constantly emerging and dissolving. Behind these psychic phenomena are the underlying vrttis [propensities] which are primarily related to the inborn saḿskáras [mental reactive momenta] of human beings. Propensities are formed according to one’s inherent saḿskáras, and the expression and control of these propensities are dependent upon the various cakras. The fifty main propensities of the human mind are expressed internally or externally through the vibrational expression of these cakras. These vibrations cause hormones to be secreted from the glands, and the natural or unnatural expression of the propensities depends on the degree of normal or abnormal secretion of the hormones. When these propensities can be expressed we say that the human mind is alive because the mind exists as long as the propensities are there. When the propensities are destroyed, however, the human mind loses its existence.
The names of the different plexi in the human body and their corresponding mańd́alas are as follows:
- terranean plexus (múládhára cakra) – bhaoma mańd́ala
- fluidal plexus (svádhiśt́hána cakra) – tarala mańd́ala
- igneous plexus (mańipura cakra) – agni mańd́ala
- [[sidereal plexus (anáhata cakra) – nakśattra mańd́ala
- solar plexus (vishuddha cakra) – saora mańd́ala]]
- lunar plexus (ájiṋá cakra) – shashi mańd́ala / candra mańd́ala(1)
The Sanskrit word mańd́ala means “circle”. The thyroid gland is called Brhaspati Granthi in Sanskrit. The Latin equivalent for Brhaspati is “Jupiter”. “Hormone” is granthirasa in Sanskrit; the parathyroid gland is Brhaspati Upagranthi; the pituitary gland is Maháyoginii Granthi; and the pineal gland is Sahasrára Granthi.
The cakras contain within their folds a number of glands and sub-glands, the seats of different propensities each with an acoustic root.
The terranean plexus, or múládhára cakra:
The fluidal plexus, or svádhiśt́hána cakra:
|1.||avajiṋá||belittlement of others||ba|
|2.||múrcchá||psychic stupor, lack of common sense||bha|
|4.||avishvása||lack of confidence||ya|
|5.||sarvanásha||thought of sure annihilation||ra|
The igneous plexus, or mańipura cakra:
|7.||trśńá||yearning for acquisition||dha|
In the igneous plexus, or mańipura cakra, there is the maximum accumulation of heat. It is the shelter of heat, and is known as agnyáshaya in Sanskrit. It is also known as maháshaya, meaning “the shelter of greatness”, because it is the centre of the body. The igneous plexus or agni mańd́ala contains within its fold the ten glands and sub-glands of the mańipura cakra. The area of the mańd́ala is greater than that of the cakra.
When a person dies and is cremated, often the navel does not get fully burnt, which is why it is a common practice in India for people to throw the remains of a dead body into a river. The burning point of the navel is higher than the temperature generated by an ordinary funeral pyre. The navel will only be completely destroyed if the body is allowed to burn for a long time and is cremated with enormous heat.
The [[sidereal]] plexus, or anáhata cakra:
|7.||vikalatá||mental numbness due to fear||cha|
|11.||vitarka||argumentativeness to the point of wild exaggeration||t́a|
The anáhata cakra is contained within the [[nakśattra]] mańd́ala and is connected with the respiratory system. When one suffers from hopelessness, one may even feel a pain in the chest; this is the [[sidereal]] plexus and not any other part of the body.
Celestial bodies are glittering objects in the sky. Stars, nakśattras, planets, satellites, meteors, comets, nebulae and galaxies are all celestial bodies. Nakśattras are also stars, with distances of many light years from our solar system. Nakśa means “to twinkle”; that which helps us with its twinkling potentiality is called nakśattra. Nakśattras influence the [[sidereal]] plexus of the human body, rather of all bodies.
The original light from stars, the reflected and refracted light from planets, satellites and meteors, and the light from galaxies and nebulae reflect on all the glands and sub-glands of the body, and especially on the anáhata cakra. The reflecting plate of the anáhata cakra is a bit bigger than the anáhata cakra itself. That bigger area containing the anáhata cakra is called the [[“sidereal plexus”]], the [[nakśattra]] mańd́ala.
Not only is the light reflected or refracted here, but also microvita, moving along the light rays, affect the body and the twelve sub-glands of this cakra. Positive and negative microvita move along these media. What are the media of microvita for their movement, for their status, for their location, as their abode? Tanmátras – inferences and ideas.
The [[sidereal]] plexus is a bit above the igneous plexus, so positive microvita are more dominant here than negative microvita. The igneous plexus is mutative and the solar plexus is sentient. Then where is the position of the static? It is below the igneous at the terranean and fluidal plexi. Good people, spiritual aspirants [sádhakas], absorb more positive microvita than non-spiritual people, so all their propensities move with positive vitality. In a spiritual sádhaka, all the positive propensities of the anáhata cakra are positively strengthened as a result. This is sentient psycho-panoramic maximitis. If one moves towards crudeness, there will be static psycho-panoramic minimitis. When this knowledge is acquired by a large number of people in this world, together they will absorb more positive microvita. By doing so they will benefit themselves individually, and at the same time the whole world will be benefited.
So many stars, planets and celestial bodies are influencing your [[sidereal]] plexus. You cannot remain aloof from such an influence on your [[sidereal]] plexus. Nobody can live in seclusion. The hermits who lived in caves in the Himalayas in the ancient and medieval ages should have lived in society and served society. They failed to do so because they were guided by a sort of befooling dogma.
One should practise spiritual cult to strengthen the positive microvita and lessen the influence of the negative microvita. The people of Germany, called Sharmanya Bhúmi in Sanskrit, also used to practise this spiritual cult. The German term for “sun” is Sonne.
When tears come in the eyes from spiritual bliss and spiritual beatitude as a result of much spiritual practice, it is called ánandáshru in Sanskrit. When the tears are tears of bereavement, it is called shokáshru.
The [[solar]] plexus, or vishuddha cakra:
|1.||śad́aja||sound of peacock||a|
|2.||rśabha||sound of bull or ox||á|
|3.||gándhára||sound of goat||i|
|4.||madhyama||sound of deer||ii|
|5.||paiṋcama||sound of cuckoo||u|
|6.||dhaevata||sound of donkey||ú|
|7.||niśáda||sound of elephant(2)||r|
|8.||oṋm||acoustic root of creation, preservation, dissolution||rr|
|9.||hummm||sound of arousing kulakuńd́alinii||lr|
|10.||phat́||practication, i.e., putting a theory into practice||lrr|
|11.||vaośat́||expression of mundane knowledge||e|
|12.||vaśat́||welfare in the subtler sphere||ae|
|13.||sváhá||performing noble actions||o|
|14.||namah||surrender to the Supreme||ao|
From below the left ear to the lower point of the right ear is the [[solar]] plexus, the “plexus of Apollo”, the saora mańd́ala. The controlling point of the [[saora]] mańd́ala is just in the centre. Generally positive microvita come in contact with the human body through this plexus.
There are so many celestial bodies, and they all have direct contact with the glands and sub-glands in the human body by throwing out reflected or refracted light. But the maximum influence on animate and inanimate objects comes from the sun, which is the nearest and biggest star to this earth. The sun’s influence, according to the ancient yogis and Tantrics [those who practise spiritual meditation], is generally via the eighteen light waves which influence the [[solar]] and lunar plexi. That is, the seven colours of the spectrum (VIBGYOR – violet, indigo, blue, green, yellow, orange and red), plus ultraviolet and infrared, have an internal and external influence. So, 7 + 2 = 9; 9 + 9 = 18. Out of these eighteen, two light waves do not come directly from the sun but from the moon; sixteen come directly from the sun. Each has an acoustic root.
Wherever there is any entity, any movement, any functional activity, there is sound, and that sound is called the acoustic root. Each and every expression has got its acoustic root. The acoustic root for all celestial bodies is the sound ha. Ha is the acoustic root for eternal space. The controlling sound is ha. The influence of these light waves on the navel and below is kśa – the last letter of the Sanskrit alphabet.
Microvita use these inferences as their media. Friend as well as foe microvita come through sixteen sounds to the vishuddha cakra and control the human body positively as well as negatively. The controlling sound of this cakra is ha. [[The solar plexus is bigger than the vishuddha cakra.]] There are sixteen sub-glands surrounding the vishuddha cakra.
The lunar plexus, or ájiṋá cakra:
- apará [mundane knowledge] kśa
- pará [spiritual knowledge] ha
The area between the two end points of the eyes is the area of the lunar plexus. The collective influence in the upper portion of the human body and the lower portion below the [navel] is effected by the reflected light of the moon. The [[left]] side of the lunar plexus [from the viewpoint of the spiritual aspirant] concerns the external influences of the moon below the navel, and its acoustic root is kśa. The [[right]] side concerns the external influences or the reflected light from the moon in the upper portion of the body, and its acoustic root is ha. The acoustic root of the moon [that is, the ájiṋá cakra] is t́ha. It is the controlling point of the moon – the controlling point of ha and kśa. The area of the lunar plexus is also called the shashi mańd́ala. [The god of the] sun is “Apollo” in Latin, and the word for “moon” is luna. “Monday” is the short form of “Moon-day”.
All the planets, meteors, stars, etc., of all of the solar systems, not only of our solar system, affect the individual by their direct reflected and refracted light. It is beyond the capacity of astrology or astronomy to calculate this effect on the individual. Astrology only deals with the planets of our solar system and their effects on the glands and sub-glands. But this theory relates to all the effects of all the celestial bodies on the human glands and sub-glands – not only the celestial bodies of this solar system, but of all other existing solar systems, stars, planets, satellites, meteorites, nebulae and galaxies. So this theory is beyond the scope of astrology and astronomy. Astrology and astronomy consider only a bit of the effect of the planets on fate, fortune, etc., but this theory considers the effect not only of the direct rays, but also of the indirect reflected and refracted rays, on the glands and sub-glands. It is quite impossible for astrology and astronomy to calculate all these effects on the glands and sub-glands. Hence, this is a completely new science.
(1) Each animal is controlled by one dominant characteristic and specializes in producing a distinctive sound. Seven acoustic roots of the vishuddha cakra correspond to the sounds produced by particular animals. –Eds.
Microvitum in a Nutshell [a complilation]
Yoga Psychology [a compilation]